Poem – The Twin Verses – Gautam Buddha 

What we are is the result of what we have thought, 

is built by our thoughts, is made up of our thoughts. 

If one speaks or acts with an impure thought, 

suffering follows one, 

like the wheel of the cart follows the foot of the ox. 
What we are is the result of what we have thought, 

is built by our thoughts, is made up of our thoughts. 

If one speaks or acts with a pure thought, 

happiness follows one, 

like a shadow that never leaves. 
‘They insulted me; they hurt me; 

they defeated me; they cheated me.’ 

In those who harbour such thoughts, 

hate will never cease. 
‘They insulted me; they hurt me; 

they defeated me; they cheated me.’ 

In those who do not harbour such thoughts, 

hate will cease. 
For hate is never conquered by hate. 

Hate is conquered by love. 

This is an eternal law. 

Many do not realise that we must all come to an end here; 

but those who do realise this, end their quarrels at once. 
Whoever lives only for pleasures, 

with senses uncontrolled, 

immoderate in eating, lazy, and weak, 

will be overthrown by Mara, 

like the wind throws down a weak tree. 
Whoever lives not for pleasures, 

with senses well controlled, 

moderate in eating, has faith and the power of virtue, 

will not be overthrown by Mara, 

any more than the wind throws down a rocky mountain.
Whoever would put on the yellow robe 

without having cleansed oneself from impurity, 

disregarding self-control and truth, 

is not deserving of the yellow robe. 
But whoever has cleansed oneself from impurity, 

is well grounded in all the virtues, 

and is possessed of self-control and truth, 

is deserving of the yellow robe. 
Those who imagine truth in untruth 

and see untruth in truth 

never arrive at truth but follow vain desires. 

Those who know truth as truth and untruth as untruth 

arrive at truth and follow true desires. 
As rain makes its way into a badly roofed house, 

so passion makes its way into an unreflecting mind. 

As rain does not make its way into a well roofed house,

so passion does not make its way into a reflecting mind. 
Wrong-doers grieve in this world, 

and they grieve in the next; they grieve in both. 

They grieve and are afflicted 

when they see the wrong they have done. 
The virtuous find joy in this world, 

and they find joy in the next; they find joy in both. 

They find joy and are glad 

when they see the good they have done. 
Wrong-doers suffer in this world, 

and they suffer in the next; they suffer in both. 

They suffer when they think of the wrong they have done. 

They suffer even more when going on the wrong path. 
The virtuous are happy in this world, 

and they are happy in the next; they are happy in both. 

They are happy when they think of the good they have done. 

They are even happier when going on the good path. 
Even if the thoughtless can recite many of the scriptures, 

if they do not act accordingly, 

they are not living the holy life, 

but are like a cowherd counting the cows of others. 
Even if the faithful can recite 

only a few of the scriptures, 

if they act accordingly, 

having given up passion, hate, and folly, 

being possessed of true knowledge and serenity of mind, 

craving nothing in this world or the next, 

they are living the holy life.